Fast Fact Attack: Endangered Species No. 59 – The Sumatran Elephant
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Image: Green Global Travel[/caption]
Well, no… not really. There is no mystery attached at all. It is not poaching, disease or the illegal pet trade, but palm oil which they have fallen victim to, and which has now become the principal threat to the survival of the Sumatran elephant. For goodness sakes people, stop buying palm oil-based products now. Palm oil is ‘liquid ivory’”  to the unscrupulous. Do not feed the greed. This elephant is rapidly losing its habitat, and dying off at a terrifying rate because of it.For a full, up to date report on the destruction caused by palm oil plantations, click here. Trust me – it will both shock and disgust you. Read more mungaiandthegoaconstrictor
The Elephant and the Acacia
Acacia trees also known as a thorntree, whistling thorn or wattle, is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae
of the family Fabaceae, described by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
in 1773 based on the African species Acacia nilotica.
Many non-Australian species tend to be thorny, whereas the majority of Australian acacias are not. All species are pod-bearing, with sap and leaves often bearing large amounts of tannins and condensed tannins that historically found use as pharmaceuticals and preservatives.
The genus Acacia previously contained roughly 1300 species, about 960 of them native to Australia, with the remainder spread around the tropical to warm-temperate regions of both hemispheres, including Europe, Africa, southern Asia, and the Americas. However, in 2005 the genus was divided into five separate genera under the tribe "Acacieae." The genus Acacia was retained for the majority of the Australian species and a few in tropical Asia
, Madagascar and Pacific Islands. Most of the species outside Australia, and a small number of Australian species, were reclassified into Vachellia and Senegalia. The two final genera, Acaciella and Mariosousa
, each contain about a dozen species from the Americas. Read more http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia
The Elephant and the Acacia
You may also find the young seedlings of acacia thorn bush. If they are only a foot high or less, their leaves and regenerative buds will have been in the hottest part of the flames and little will be left of them on the charred stem. Such seedlings cannot survive. As long as fires regularly burn here, the plains will remain the dominion of the grass.
That suits the herds of game that graze upon the plains and depend upon grass for their food. One might suppose that the animals that crop leaves with such assiduity would be the enemies of the grass, but in the long term, they are its allies. Like the fire, they do not damage the horizontal stems. The grasses even have structures that make it easier for animals to remove the leaves, for there are special points of weakness at the base of each blade. That gives a grazer an easier mouthful, but it also ensures that the all-important horizontal stem is not ripped out by its roots. That would certainly be the end of the grass plant. The acacia seedlings, however, are as easily destroyed by nibbling teeth as they are by fire. So long as game feed here, the dominance of the grass seems assured.
How is it, then, that over many areas there are wide areas of acacia scrub? How did they get their start? In good years, when the rains are abundant and the grass grows strongly, there will be a big increase in the numbers of game on the plain. As the dry season drags on however, so many mouths trim the grass with such severity that there is virtually nothing to fuel a fire. The animals themselves, having exhausted their food supply, begin to move away to look for better grazing elsewhere. Like it, read more http://www.primitivism.com/elephant-acacia.htm