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The Gita's Three Principles For Spiritual Action

Sri Aurobindo summarizes the essence of the Gita’s teaching regarding spiritual action, by identifying 3 propositions that underlie this teaching: “First, all action must be determined from within because each man has in him something his own, some characteristic principle and inborn power of his nature.” This is what is meant by the term Swabhava, and it signifies that the individual must act from that inner truth of his own being, not because of some external compulsion or habit imposed on him by the social or economic order. 424 more words

Sri Aurobindo

The Gita's Intention In Describing the Four Orders Of Life

Had the intention of the Gita been to justify and support the caste system in its socio-economic form, we would have seen it in the way the Gita describes the natural work of each of the four orders; however, we see just the opposite, as the Gita focuses on the internal status more than the external function. 425 more words

Sri Aurobindo

The Relation of Man's Outer Life To His Inner Being

The Gita consistently takes up concepts that were current in its day and integrates them into an inclusive standpoint. The integrating principle is based on the inner spiritual life and knowledge, not the outer form. 351 more words

Sri Aurobindo

Understanding the Inner Foundation of the Four Orders of Society

The four orders of society and the functions they carry out are easily recognisable necessities for any functioning society. The development of an hereditary basis for assigning these roles and functions came about because there was no easily identifiable and certain way to ascertain inner capacity and temperament, and thus, external factors became primary in creating this system. 360 more words

Sri Aurobindo

The Four Orders of Society

To understand the point that the Gita is making regarding an individual’s own inner law of being and action, it is important to first understand the general classes of the four orders of society, which relate to the predominant Guna that then leads to characteristic ways of understanding and acting, and thus, distinguishes the different roles and types that develop with this underlying basis. 362 more words

Sri Aurobindo

Understanding and Critique of the Caste System

The Gita devotes several of its verses to discussion of the four-fold order of society. which has been mixed up with what we have seen come down through time as the rigid and stultifying caste system which has created enormous confusion and obstacles to the modern-day development of India. 303 more words

Sri Aurobindo

One's Own Law of Action According To One's Own Nature

The subject of following one’s own law of action, svadharma, is connected with an understanding of one’s own inner nature, svabhava. The Gita acknowledges the individuality, while at the same time showing that, based on the predominance of the action of the Gunas, there are four basic frameworks of action within which individuals generally can be included, based on their own inner nature. 449 more words

Sri Aurobindo