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Titles and Epithets for the Gods in Magical Papyri

I’ve been spending a lot of time in the past week with some translations of magical papyri. It occurred to me that some of the titles and epithets which the Magician uses to address the Gods (or even to identify with them) are quite interesting. 474 more words

Food For Thought

Heka: Magical Drawings - Part Three

Illustrations and drawings:

A. Explanatory drawings/instructions in magical papyri:

This category is pretty self-explanatory. There are hardly any magical  texts without any kind of drawings – some which show exactly the image(s) to be used to ritual. 675 more words


Heka: Magical Drawings - Part Two

Seals and Sigils

As I’ve stated in the previous post, seals and sigils have been used since predynastic time. They have evolved from simple patterns, such as ‘maze’ patterns and simple geometric designs (interlocking spirals and concentric circles, even combinations of the two), to more complex and elaborate patterns in later times, which could combine several motifs, including animal and human motifs, as well as hieroglyphs (single signs or full inscriptions, such as a royal cartouche). 216 more words


Heka: Magical Drawings - Part One

Egyptian spells survive in a great variety of contexts. They can be inscribed in tomb walls, coffins, and various types of funerary objects; on statues of deities, kings, and men; on furniture, vessels and amulets; on scraps of papyrus, potsherds and flakes of stones, and on long rolls of leather or papyrus. 456 more words