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Không thể thiếu em - Nhân Hải Trung

Đây là lần thứ 2 tôi đọc truyện này, cách lần thứ nhất 3 năm, nhưng lần này tôi cảm nhận được truyện này rõ ràng hơn, ít nhất là cảm thấy hay hơn hẳn so với lần đầu đọc truyện này. 1,575 more words

I Read

Reads: 'Someday this Pain Will Be Useful to You' by Peter Cameron

I think that’s what scares me: the randomness of everything. That people who could be important to you might just pass you by. Or you might pass them by.

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I Read

被權慾吞噬的馬克白

[讀後感]
《Macbeth》

被權慾吞噬的馬克白

書名:Macbeth
作者:William Shakespeare
出版日期:1606年
類型:戲劇-悲劇

作品背景

英倫大文豪沙士比亞筆下的悲劇《馬克白》(Macbeth),我列為人生必讀的劇作。估計寫於英王詹姆斯一世(James I of England)從蘇格蘭南下英格蘭登基後,於1606年首次演出,1623年收錄成書。《馬克白》也是詹姆斯時期的首部作品。

示好之作

《馬克白》不多不少反映了沙翁與新任英王的關係。前朝伊莉沙白一世女王十分看重沙翁,當時沙翁先後創作了以前朝作背景的歷史戲劇,其中《李察三世》,玫瑰戰爭作為背景,把李察三世塑造邪惡的國王,一直影響後世對李察三世的形象是位怐慺、陰險,甚至殺害親侄兒的叔叔。沙翁的劇作在當時可算是維穩作品。

《馬克白》也是向英王示好之作。一來他是大文豪的最大贊助人。二來這部悲劇極有可能是間接進揀英王,小心不要成為像馬克白般的暴君,同時也是小心身邊小人的教唆,尤其是女人。(可能是英王后Anne of Denmark,傳聞是一位天主教徒,怕她會左右宗教政策。)

利慾分心

不論歷史背景是如何,讓《馬克白》流名後世,是因為沙翁用一個簡短而富戲劇性的故事去告誡人們,人被權慾控制時,足以動搖國本,塗炭生靈。是一部寓言。

未在權力之位的人,看《馬克白》就會對權慾有所以防範,時刻提醒自身,如果將來一日掌權,也不可被權慾吞噬。

如已在權力之位的,如英王、主教、大地主、將軍等等,是一個低調的警惕。每人知道的位置,做好本份,為大局著想,更況人民就是最好的監察,不合理的就會群起對抗。

沙翁洞悉人心,對人性的光明及陰暗面都異常透澈。讀《馬克白》,不同年紀不同的情況都有不同的收獲。我最初在小學時代讀過兒童版本,當是故事書,驚訝原來權力能使人不顧一切做出恐佈的事,達到侵蝕到心肺之嚴重程度,滿身惡毒。長大後出身,看著周邊的人與事,社會上種種的大小人物,這時再翻讀,就更加心水清,了解人的慾望足以摧毀一切。

讀史本身就能對周邊的人事更透撤了解,而讀《馬克白》就是用一個帶有奇幻、戲劇色彩的短劇,長話短說地說大道理。讀通了《馬克白》,做人處世必定玲瓏剔透得多,能在亂世中保持清醒及理智。

Macbeth: Act 3, Scene 2…

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I Read...

Swing, Man.

I stumbled upon this letter the other day:

It’s written by Frank Sinatra, in the September of 1990, to George Michael, following an interview Michael did with the LA Times’ Calendar Magazine. 229 more words

I Read

Mercy Among The Children by David Adams Richards

Sidney Henderson staunchly keeps a childhood promise to never harm another soul. His pacifism, as well as his family’s history, make life emotionally, socially, and economically brutal for his wife – the meek Elly and their three children: Lyle, Autumn, and Percy. 63 more words

Books

The Orenda by Joseph Boyden

Bird, one of the Huron’s great warriors, kidnaps a young Iroquois girl (Snow Falls) after massacring her family, in retribution for the slaughter of his wife and children years before.  57 more words

Books