The Gilder Lehrman Center, History Department, and the Council on Latin American and Iberian Studies at Yale University sponsored a lecture by Professor of History Joao Reis called, “Slaves Who Owned Slaves in Bahia, Brazil, 1800-1850,” this Monday. 340 more words
Ryan Reft's new article at the Tropics of Meta examines the positive and negative impact of three civil rights cases (Mendez v. Westminster School District, Oyama v. California, Tarao Takahashi v. Fish and Game Commission) that attempted to reduce racial discrimination California. Each of these cases addressed different laws that discriminated against minorities and minority aliens in California. In Mendez (1946), the en banc decision (a ruling rendered by all of the judges in a appellate circuit) United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that segregation of Mexican and Mexican American into separate schools was unconstitutional. The Oyama case (1948) attacked the California Alien Land laws. Oyama's defense sought and failed to have the Alien Laws invalidated, but effectively neutered them. In the Takahashi case (1948), a Japanese fisherman Tarao Takahashi challenged a 1943 California law that barred alien Japanese from obtaining fishing licenses. The US Supreme Court jettisoned the law, but failed to do so on the grounds that it was discriminatory. None of these cases were clean victories and they would later become contentious as the civil rights interests of various California minorities diverged. Reft has written another fascinating post on California's history.