In pure consequentialism, an act is morally right if it produces results that represent an optimization of what is valued (whatever that is).
All statements of “should” or “ought” are built from two inputs: 855 more words
Thought experiments are meant to tease out our intuitions about specific subjects. By playing with variables we couldn’t normally adjust, thought experiments allow us to ask ourselves what our intuitions would be in an otherwise unobtainable situation. 1,380 more words
Methodologically naturalism is the idea that it’s imprudent to invoke supernatural intervention as an explanation when such miraculous intervention may not be necessary. This is a pillar of mainstream science. 677 more words