Tags » Achaemenid Empire

Daniel 8, Daniel's vision of a ram and a goat.

 

The Achaemenid Empire was founded by Cyrus the great in 550 B.C.Alexander the Great conquered practically all of the Achaemenid Empire

At Alexander the Great’s death the people around him asked “To whom will you give the Empire?” His answer “To the strongest” It was, after much fighting and intrigue divided into four parts, or five if the original Greece was included. 112 more words

Faith

Just Like the Persians in Pictures

Like many historians who work with Xenophon, I get very frustrated with the way that his calm, manner-of-fact style can hide evasions of the truth. I don’t think he is more unreliable than most old soldiers (and he does not make any great claims for his own reliability), but he is such a good writer that he often lulls readers into trusting him when they should not. 606 more words

Ancient

Sometimes Bittner Was Right

Specialists in the Achaemenid Empire don’t like to talk about Stefan Bittner. His Doktorarbeit is the only monograph on the Achaemenid army which has ever been published, but it takes exactly the approach which was inspiring… 1,145 more words

Ancient

Fragrant-Horse or Having Intelligent Horses

Academics get very excited when we find typos, perhaps because it gives us a break when reading through hundreds of pages like this:

*baudāspa- N. pr.

163 more words
Ancient

Rationalizing Cunaxa

At the battle of Cunaxa, two claimants to the Persian throne lined up their armies. One of them had a large force of Greek infantry, and both kings had men in their armies who went on to become famous writers. 1,379 more words

Ancient

The Size of Achaemenid Armies

In the chapter of my dissertation on the Greek sources, I had to talk about the size of Persian armies. One of the few details about Persian armies which most Greek writers give is that they had a specific and very large number of men, and no other kind of evidence lets us estimate the size of armies in the field (the Behistun inscription lists the number of enemies killed and taken alive in various battles, and it is possible to estimate how many bow estates or temple soldiers were available in some parts of Babylonia, but neither is a reliable guide to the size of royal armies in the field). 859 more words

Ancient

Cotton from Dilmun

In Achaemenid studies, Wouter Henkelman’s book The Other Gods Who Are is famous for using some very difficult sources to argue that we should not think about Iranians replacing and subjugating Elamites, but that the ancient Persians we know were the product of hundreds of years of interaction between Iranian-speakers and Elamite-speakers sharing the highlands of Fars, so that by the time of Cyrus or Darius it was hard to say what was Iranian and what was Elamite. 655 more words

Ancient