Determining the validity or truth of an idea or statement isn’t always easy and never has been easy. A fourteenth-century philosopher William of Occam had a useful rule of thumb for this quandary. We now know it as Occam’s Razor, and it is often stated thusly: “The simplest explanation is usually the best.” The original Latin --“Pluralitas non est ponenda sine necessitate” -- adds a wrinkle. This translates roughly, “Multiple variables are not to be posited without necessity.” A more modern form of this principle is called the Duck test which is a humorous term for a form of inductive reasoning. This is its usual expression: If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck.
Tags » Arab Spring
TUNIS, Tunisia — Fifty years ago, Gilbert Naccache was a Tunisian political activist caught up in the social upheaval of the 1960s. He was a member of… 2,011 more words
A nightmare scenario may be unfolding for Russia and some OPEC members: Low oil prices, rather than being a fast way to hobble upstart US shale oil, seem likely to linger for quite a while longer, perhaps well into next year and beyond. 586 more words
Women’s Rights Movements in the ‘Arab Spring': Major Victories or Failures for Human Rights?
by Hayat Alvi, Ph.D.
Journal of International Women’s Studies
Vol. 16, No. 12 more words
When the international anti-ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) coalition was formed back in September 2014, Turkey was thought to be a pivotal participant. However, the international initiative divided Turkey’s political scene which appeared reluctant to follow in the footsteps of its traditional ally, the United States (US). 1,567 more words
Two cents | On: The US policy in Syria is not novel; The reasons for the Iran deal (and a brief explanation for the rise of ISIS)
So I have a habit of writing oversized Facebook comments that aren’t quite articles, so I’m going to start a (lazy way out) series called ‘two cents’ when I find something that I would like to blog, but can’t quite be bothered to turn into a proper article. 1,165 more words