Tags » Bourgeoisie


Marxism is born of the ideas produced by Karl Marx (1818-1883), and is the set of ideals that communism is founded upon. Marx famously wrote The Communist Manifesto with Friederich Engels, which was an extensive analysis of the class struggle which Marx believed all society was based upon. 309 more words


The Right Doesn't Know What the Word "Bourgeois" Means

A friend of mine sent me a link to a bizarre opinion piece by Robert Woodson published in The Wall Street Journal. In the piece, Woodson claims that “black Americans need bourgeois norms”. 1,024 more words


Journal 10.05.2017

Minsan gusto ko na lang makiuso sa mga burgis – “Yeah, yeah, you poor, know your place, it’s under me or under the grave” – pero pag naaalala ko yung mga panahon na halos wala akong makain at naliligiran pa ako ng mga Christ-centered classmates ko na may star-shaped pang chicken nuggets, nahihiya ako sa sarili ko. 67 more words



一. 何謂結構?

結構 (structure) 本身是易於混淆的概念,社會學者對此甚至也會有不同的理解。一般而言,結構泛指一些規律化的關係 (patterned relationship),關乎到社會資源的分配和運用。以卡爾.馬克斯 (Karl Marx) 提出資本主義社會的階級結構 (class structure) 為例,可分為兩大類:資產階級 (bourgeoisie) 和無產階級 (proletarian) 。資產階級擁有生產工具 (means of production),即生產貨物的製作工具,如工廠的機器;無產階級沒有生產工具,則只能出賣勞力換取工資維生。惟在分工 (division of labour) 的工廠生產模式下,工人受工序簡化等種種因素影響,漸失議價能力,故受到不同程度的剝削 (exploitation)。資本主義那種施予壓迫和被壓迫的階級關係,是以超越個體的方式不斷傳承的,相比制度而言,結構的存在更穩定,更難改變,正如馬克斯所預言的無產階級革命至今並未有實現。 61 more words


Even feudal lords were possessors of a particular technical capacity...

Even feudal lords were possessors of a particular technical capacity, military capacity, and it is precisely from the moment at which the aristocracy loses its monopoly of technico-military capacity that the crisis of feudalism begins. 126 more words

Antonio Gramsci

Communist Manifesto, part 2 (but really Part 1): Bourgeois and Proletarians

This is part 2 of my series on The Communist Manifesto. Part 1 is here. Now we get into the meat of the book. While this is my part 2, this entry covers part 1 of the Communist Manifesto: “Bourgeois and Proletarians.” 1,059 more words



Ernesto Guevara, known as Ché, became the face of the revolution in the 1960s. Based on Albert Diaz Korda’s photograph, Ché’s iconic image became a symbol of change and rebellion. 934 more words

John Heartfield