Very important issue! I have been looking for materials on this, if you have any links, please post them here.
A scary timeline of female education: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_female_education
And some of the very few women scientists in the otherwise enlightened Europe:
Beatriz Galindo (1465?-1534), Spanish Latinist, writer, humanist and teacher of Queen Isabella of Castille and her children 201 more words