Tags » Classical Conditioning

Associative Learning: classical conditioning

Classical Conditioning (Ivan Pavlov)

  • Experiment: Pavlov would ring a bell before placing meat in front of his dogs (meat would make dog salivate). Eventually, dogs would salivate to the bell (even without meat delivery).
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MCAT

1.1.1 Basic Psychology: Learning Theory

1.1.1 Learning theory: classical, operant, observational and cognitive models.

  • Classical conditioning and the process of a neutral stimulus becoming conditioned to produce a conditioned response…
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Conditioning

Mental pollution, Part 2

In my book Ad Nauseam: How Advertising and Public Relations Changed Everything I wrote, “As a psychologist, it disturbs me greatly to see that our society’s primary systematic application of the principles of psychology has been as a tool for commercial and political persuasion, and for the manipulation of behavior in the service of commerce.” Propaganda, which I wrote about in my last post, is only one psychotechnology  of influence used by the propaganda industries – advertising, public relations and political consultancy. 757 more words

Psychology

Classical Conditioning Practice

Due to the shortened class today, we were unable to get to my regularly scheduled conditioning practice. Please do these tonight and we will review them tomorrow. 6 more words

Notes And Homework

Horror and the Writer

‘Fear coils in your stomach and clutches at your heart. It’s an unpleasant emotion we usually do our best to avoid. Yet across the world and through time people have been drawn irresistibly to stories designed to scare them.

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Fear

古典制約-Pavlov 的狗狗實驗 Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s Dog Experiment (1902)

狗年第一篇文章,小編先向大家拜個年,祝大家新一年開開心心!身體健康!萬事如意!

根據漢代東方朔《占書》記載,農曆新年首八日係人同埋唔同畜牧作物嘅生日。「一雞,二狗,三豬,四羊,五牛,六馬,七人,八殼。」可以睇得出,從以前開始,狗狗喺人類嘅生活中已經佔據咗一個重要嘅地位。西方文化亦都係一樣,狗狗都係佢哋好重要嘅朋友,有啲實驗都會搵佢哋嚟幫手。狗年第一篇就同大家分享一個搵咗狗狗做嘅研究啦!

呢個非常經典,有關於行為學習嘅實驗,稱為古典制約 (Classical Conditoning) 或 Pavlov 的制約 (Pavlovian Conditioning)。其實生物學家 Ivan Pavlov 起初係打算研究狗狗喺餵食嘅時候口水分泌嘅情況。不過,佢無意中發現,當佢每次行入實驗室嘅時候,無論佢有無帶食物都好,狗狗都會開始不自覺咁流口水,從而發現古典制約。

古典制約分為三個階段。第一,喺未有制約 (Conditioning) 之前,食物對狗狗嚟講係一個非制約刺激 (Unconditioned Stimulus, UCS),狗狗見到食物就會流口水,係一個非制約反應 (Unconditioned Response, UCR)。由於見到食物就會流口水係與生俱來嘅,並唔需要學習,屬於反射行為 (Reflex),係古典制約中嘅重點。相反,一個中性刺激 (Neutral Stimulus, NS),例如鈴聲,喺制約發之前,對狗狗嚟講係唔會產生任何反應。 20 more words

經典心理學

Behaviorism Explained

This title may be a little ironic as in this video I try to explain the workings of behaviorism and the concepts behind it. You will find out in this video that behaviorism only focuses on observable behaviors and doesn’t focus on how things occur or the thought process behind behaviors. 214 more words

#ahe603