Tags » Endocrinology

Cushing's Syndrome

Causes: 
Pituitary ACTH, steroids, Adrenal hyperplasia/tumour, ectopic CRH/ACTH

S&S:
Proximal myopathy, central obesity, moon faces, acne hirsutism, skin thinning, HTN,
hyperglycaemia, amenorrhoea, osteoporosis, depression

Investigations: 21 more words

Endocrinology

Thyroid Malignancy

Causes: 
Papillary, Follicular, medullary, anaplastic.
Lymphoma, SCC

S&S
painless hard nodule, lymphadenopathy, hypotheyroidism.

Investigations:
TSH, U/S, Thyroid Isotope scan, FNA. CT.

Management
total thyroidectomy, Iodine 131 ablation.

Endocrinology

Hyperthroidism

Causes:
Grave’s, toxic nodular goiter, Subacute thyroiditis, iodine excess, thyroxine, amiodarone

S&S:
Heat, diarrhoea, diaphoresis, wegith loss, anxiety, palpitation, tremor, goiter, myopathy,
hyperreflexia, Lid lag, exophthalmos… 39 more words

Endocrinology

Hypothyroidism

Causes: 
hashimoto’s thyroiditis, autoimmune diseases, Down’s, Turner, Lithium, amiodarone, radiation/surgery.

S&S:
Constipation, malaise, cold, slowing, depression, alopecia, weight gain, oedema, bradycardia, dry skin, goiter, menorrhagia,    galactorrhoea, dementia, neuropathy, myxoedema coma, cretinism… 32 more words

Malaise

Diabetes Mellitus

Causes:
Type 1: insulin deficiency,
Type 2: insulin resistance
Other hyperglycaemia: Steroids, Cushing’s, Acromegaly, PCOS,  Thiazide, antipsychotic, sepsis, pancreatic failure. Gestational.
S&S: 
malaise, polyuria polydypsia, weight loss, thirst, DKA, UTI, sexual dysfunction, blur vision, skin infections… 72 more words

Malaise

Case - Nausea and fatigue

CC: Fatigue and nausea
HPI: 70 year old woman with relapse of axillary melanoma 8mo ago treated with repeat excision, nodal dissection, Gy and ipilimumab which was stopped 5mo ago for rash and hepatitis. 211 more words

Brandon Fainstad

Polish doctors perform rare, extensive throat-area transplant on patient who had cancer of the voice box

WARSAW, Poland — Polish surgeons said Monday they have successfully performed a rare and extensive transplant of the throat area.

Dr. Adam Maciejewski said the 37-year-old patient suffered from advanced cancer of the voice box, making it impossible for him to breathe, swallow and speak. 283 more words

SP