Contrary to what Darwin believed, it is not competition, or the struggle for life, which was later rephrased by Herbert Spencer as the “survival of the fittest,” but mutually-beneficial cooperation and coexistence, that is the principle Law of Nature. 1,497 more words
Tags » Herbert Spencer
Today, I am going to talk about three overarching principles: responsibility, freedom, and responsible freedom.
Let us begin with the first principle. Responsibility is defined by Oxford Dictionaries as the opportunity or ability to act independently and take decisions without authorization. 668 more words
BACKGROUND ON SOCIAL DARWINISM
Evolutionism, or unilinear cultural evolution, is the notion that human development progresses from “savagery” to “civilization” gradually over millennia. The main proponents of evolutionism were Edward Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan. 942 more words
Led by A.C. Haddon, with William McDougall, and C.S. Myers.
Prime/early example of a cross-cultural approach
The research (a) refuted Herbert Spencers hypothesis of “primitive superiority” in basic psychophysical and psychological functions as opposed to “higher functions” (b) wasn’t much difference between the “primitive” and “civilised”. 52 more words