Tags » Historical Sociology

Philosopher Chen Jiaqi (陈家琪) on how to narrate the past




For the original website please here.


  当这种讲述成为“讲授”,有了确定的内容与方式, 而且要通过考试等方式来强化为人们比较固定的记忆时,就有了各门学科的“史”,以及可以被统称为意识形态的宣传、教育。作为常识,我们都认同马克思、恩格斯在《德意志意识形态》中的说法,即任何统治阶级为了维护自己的统治,都会消除或改说过去的历史,并力图把自己的统治说成是“普遍利益的体现”。这两位思想家在这本书中用一个括号里的话告诉我们:“普遍的东西本来就是一种虚幻的共同体的形式。”那么也就是说,没有普遍的利益,只有阶级的利益。

  当然,“阶级的利益”也可能只是一种“虚幻的共同体的形式”。于是,真实的利益其实就只是各个个人所追求的仅仅是自己的特殊利益,“这些特殊利益始终在真正地反对共同利益和虚幻的共同利益”。于是以国家姿态出现的虚幻的“普遍”利益就会对各种形式的特殊利益进行干涉和约束。马克思和恩格斯说,无产阶级要消灭整个旧的社会形态和一切统治,就必须首先夺取政权,以便使自己的“特殊的独特的‘普遍’利益”能够以“国家姿态”出现,把自己的利益说成是普遍的利益。他们说,在“初期”,这是不得不做的,而且这种情况也发生在民主制中(参见《马克思恩格斯选集》第一卷,38—39 页)。

Internet Texts And Print Media

Postwar economic growth under central planning

I am posting here a little graph I plotted using data from Maddison’s standardized data on historical economic growth. The graph compares average regional per capita GDP in what can be considered two poor to middle-income developing regions after World War II, eastern Europe and Latin America. 1,110 more words

Political Economy

Citizen-peasants: Tanzanian modernity, international relations and the role of China

Darius A’Zami//International Relations//1sth of April 2015//3-4pm//Arts C133

Where, and when, is Tanzania? In conventional terms, economically it is in desperate need of modernisation – for many the epitome of ‘backwardness’ –in short, anything but modern. 207 more words

International Relations

What We Talked About At ISA: The Imperial Sociology of the "Tribe" in Afghanistan

As has been established, encounters between the coloniser and the colonised led to the creation of truths, myths, legends and identities in which the two were mutually implicated. 2,293 more words

Blog Events & Symposia

What We Talked About at ISA2015: State Transformation and the Rise of China

At this year’s ISA, Shahar Hameiri and I talked about our new research project on state transformation and rising powers, with specific reference to China. In a nutshell, we suggest that, like other states, those of so-called ‘rising powers’ are undergoing epochal transformations associated with transformations in the global political economy since the late 1970s, profoundly conditioning how they are ‘rising’. 2,543 more words

International Relations