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Potential Assistance for Disadvantaged Workers: Employment Social Enterprises

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9248-5

Abstract

By integrating a business mission into a transitional jobs program, employment social enterprises (ESEs) provide temporary work and a supported work environment to reduce the barriers facing disadvantaged workers while generating revenue to cover production costs. 177 more words

Journal Article

Effect of Health on Retirement of Older Americans: a Competing Risks Study

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9255-6

Abstract

Retirement is an important event in the life of an individual. The decision to retire or exit from full-time employment may be motivated by several factors, including health. 198 more words

Journal Article

The Distribution of Returns to Education for People with Disabilities

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9245-8

Abstract

This article takes a first look at the distribution of returns to education for people with disabilities, a particularly disadvantaged group whose labor market performances have not been well studied or documented. 91 more words

Journal Article

Minimum Wages in a Segmented Labor Market: Evidence from South Africa

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9241-z

Abstract

The segmented labor market model describes the impacts of minimum wages on covered and uncovered sectors. This paper examines the impacts of an industry-specific minimum wage in South Africa, a state characterized by high unemployment, a robust union movement, and the presence of a large informal sector. 127 more words

Journal Article

Promotions and Earnings – Gender or Merit? Evidence from Longitudinal Personnel Data

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9254-7

Abstract

This study examines the determinants of promotions, performance evaluations and earnings using unique longitudinal data from the personnel records of a large university. The study focuses on the role of gender in remuneration using, first, information on the complexity ratings of job tasks to define promotions on job ladders and, second, information on objective individual productivity. 63 more words

Journal Article

How Does Occupational Access for Older Workers Differ by Education?

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9250-y

Abstract

To assess the employment opportunities of older job-changers in the years prior to retirement, this study examines the how the breadth of occupations in which they find employment narrows as they age past their prime working years and how this differs by gender and educational attainment. 182 more words

Journal Article

Women’s Tertiary Education Masks the Gender Wage Gap in Turkey

http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12122-017-9243-x

Abstract

This paper investigates the gender wage gap for full-time formal sector employees, disaggregated by education level. The gap between the labor force participation rate of women with tertiary education and those with lower levels of education is substantial. 171 more words

Journal Article