Tags » Mesoamerica

Painting the Visual Vocabulary of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Adela Breton was apparently “a nuisance” to the men who couldn’t quite figure out what to do with a 50-year-old single woman in Mexico in 1900. 545 more words


Pottery and Packing

Friday we had our last excursion here in Oaxaca. We went to Coyotepec to watch the creationg and demonstration of barro negro. Pottery that is indigenous to Oaxaca and that is Pre-Hispanic.  963 more words


Quick Update!

We have our last excursion this semester tomorrow; we’re visiting another artisan city called Ocotlan. I’m pretty sure we’re going to see some potters create barro negro (black pottery- which is indigenous to Oaxaca and is absolutely gorgeous) and then visit the markets. 923 more words


Tikal-Calakmul Wars Timeline

537 Yaxchilan captures the rulers of Bonampak, Lakamtuun, and Calakmul; Calakmul retaliates and conquers Yaxchilan; Beginning of First Tikal Calakmul War (537-572) 546 Calakmul conquers Naranjo; Calakmul appoints Aj Wosal as ruler of Naranjo 553 Wak Chan K’awill (Tikal) oversees inauguration of Yajaw Te’ K’inich II (Caracol) attempting a Tikal-Caracol alliance 556 Breakup of the Tikal-Caracol alliance; Tikal and Caracol at war 561 Sky Witness coronated ruler of Calakmul beginning the Kaan dynasty 562 Wak Chan K’awiil (Tikal) captured and sacrificed by soldiers from Caracol in Calakmul-Caracol alliance; Tikal suffers major loss of influence in the region 564 Tikal wins battle against Caracol 572 Sky Witness dies; Tikal defeated; End of First Tikal Calakmul War 579 Inauguration of Scroll Serpent (Calakmul) 611 Scroll Serpant launches long-distance campaign on Palenque; Logistical achievement and victory demonstrate Calakmul dominance in the region 626 Caracol launches two attacks on Naranjo (both Calakmul allies) 629 Founding of Dos Pilas as vassal state of Tikal; Ajaw K’inich Muwaan Jol II (Tikal) makes his son B’alaj Chan K’awiil ruler of Dos Pilas; Extension of Tikal influence 631 Yuknoom Head (Calakmul) conquers Naranjo; Naranjo ruler tortured 636 Inauguration of Yuknoom the Great (Calakmul) who reigned 50 years from 636-686 650 Yuknoom the Great (Calakmul) attacks Dos Pilas; B’alaj Chan K’awiil (Dos Pilas) takes refuge at Aguateca; Beginning of Second Tikal-Calakmul War (650-695) 657 Yuknoom the Great attacks Tikal; Nuun Ujol Chaak flees; Calakmul gains regional supremacy; B’alaj Chan K’awiil (Dos Pilas) accepts Yuknoom the Great as his overlord 672 Nuun Ujol Chaak (Tikal) defeats Dos Pilas; B’alaj Chan K’awiil flees to Chaak Naah; (Nuun Ujol Chaak and B’alaj Chan K’awiil likely brothers) 673 Nuun Ujol Chaak burns Chaak Naah; B’alaj Chan K’awiil flees to Hix Witz 677 Calakmul defeats Nuun Ujol Chaak at Pulil; B’alaj Chan K’awiil returns to Dos Pilas 679 B’alaj Chan K’awiil (Dos Pilas) defeats Nuun Ujol Chaak (Tikal) in Dos Pilas-Calakmul alliance 680 Naranjo defeats Caracol; K’ak’ Ujol K’inich II (Caracol) flees; Decline of Caracol influence 682 Balaj Chan K’awiil (Dos Pilas) commissions inscriptions of his wars with Tikal describing “pools of blood” and “piles of heads”; Calakmul installs Lady Six Sky, daughter of B’alaj Chan K’awill (Dos Pilas) as ruler of Naranjo 682-695 Jasaw Chan K’awill I (Tikal) launches cultural revitalization efforts linking Tikal to earlier rulers and practices before its defeat by Calakmul 695 Tikal defeats Calakmul in battle; regional power shifts to Tikal; End of Second Tikal-Calakmul War 705 Dos Pilas defeats Tikal 720 Resurgence of conflicts; Beginning of the Third Tikal-Calakmul War 725 Uaxaclajuun Ub’aah K’awiil (Copán) installs K’ak’ Tiliw Chan Yopaat as ruler of Quiriguá 734 K’ak Tiliw Chan Yopaat declears Quiriguá’s independence from Copán 736 Wamaw K’awiil (Calakmul) meets with K’ak Tiliw Chan Yopaat (Quiriguá) 738 Uaxaclajuun Ub’aah K’awiil (Copán) captured and beheaded by K’ak’ Tiliw Chan Yopaat (Quiriguá) 741 Death of Lady Six Sky (Naranjo) 743 Tikal defeats El Peru 744 Tikal defeats Naranjo; Calakmul defeated; End of the Third Tikal-Calakmul War

PDF File: Tikal-Calakmul Wars Timeline


The Tikal-Calakmul Wars

One of the great things about Mesoamerican history is that we know so much about it. Names of places like Tikal, Calakmul, and Copán might inspire images of stone temples with a mysterious, long-lost history. 2,231 more words


Ahuitzoltl's reign

Ahuitzoltl was an emperor in the Aztec empire from 1486 ce to 1502 ce.

He was known for reaching the height of the Aztec empire during his reign. 39 more words


K'inich Janaab' Pakal I

  Pakal ascended to the throne and was ruler of the state Palenque at the age of 12 on July, 615 and lived to the age of 80. 57 more words