Since 2011 a significant portion of my personal philosophies have been grounded in values, which, wondrously and frustratingly, do not seem readily reducible. However, values can change, which leads to the interesting question of value dynamics, which reminds me a bit of… 1,096 more words
Tags » Morality
Atheists often assert that any moral arguments that theists try to make for the existence of God, or for the claim that God is required for morality, are negated by the so-called Euthyphro Dilemma–a dilemma which is meant to show that the theist must, allegedly, either accept that morality is utterly relative to God’s arbitrary will or that morality is independent of God, both of which are unacceptable options–but whereas the theist can easily answer the Euthyphro challenge made against him by pointing out that God’s commands and desires stem from His unchanging loving nature and thus cannot be arbitrarily changed (and the theist has pointed this out for years!), what the atheist does not realize is that his position suffers from its own Euthyphro Dilemma, and it is even worse than the theistic one, for the Euthyphro Dilemma that the atheist suffers from is one which points out that, 1) given the extreme difficulty in seeing how any absolute moral rules and duties could exist on atheism, and 2) seeing how many atheists themselves admit and argue that no moral rules or duties exist on atheism, and 3) given how many atheists even admit that God would be the best explanation for the existence of absolute moral rules and duties, then it is the case that in order to be a rational atheist, one should be, at the very least, agnostic about the existence of absolute moral rules and duties, and yet, at the same time, it is absurd and irrational to be agnostic about the fact that, say, child sexual abuse is absolutely wrong and we have an absolute duty to stop it or that extreme self-mutilation is absolutely wrong and we have an absolute duty to stop it, and so we can see that the atheist is indeed stuck in a serious dilemma, for he arguably cannot rationally affirm the existence of absolute moral rules and duties on his worldview and yet he knows that it is irrational to deny the existence of absolute moral rules and duties in some cases; so the atheist is in a hard dilemma, and anyway that he turns, irrationality awaits him, and that is the reason why the atheist has his own Euthyphro Dilemma to deal with, and it is a dilemma which is not as easily answered for the atheist.
Recently, I was arguing with a friend who believes he ought to be a vegetarian. He is not one of those who simply thinks it would be healthier were he a vegetarian, rather he holds the view, more susceptible to self-righteousness, that it is morally better if he is a vegetarian. 483 more words