Spina bifida is one of the most common types of neural tube defect, affecting an estimated 1 in 2,500 newborns worldwide. For unknown reasons, the prevalence of spina bifida varies among different geographic regions and ethnic groups. 18 more words
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The symptoms associated with neural tube defects vary widely depending on the type of defect. Symptoms range from physical and intellectual disability to paralysis, urinary and bowel control problems, blindness, deafness, lack of consciousness, and in many cases, death. 11 more words
Treatment for Spina bifida depends on severity of the condition. Occasionally, treatment requirements may need to be altered gradually depending on complications.
- Open spina bifida. An infant with myelomeningocele, in which the spinal cord is exposed, can have surgery to close the hole in the back before birth or within the first few days after birth. 75 more words
Evidence shows that women who are overweight, have poorly managed diabetes, or take particular medications (Dilantin, tegretol, depakote) or anti-folate such as aminopterin are at higher risk than other women of having a child with Spina bifida or anencephaly. 52 more words