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Timo Schmitz: "An Overview of Tibetan History, Part 4: Khoshut Khanate and the integration into the Chinese Qing Dynasty" (2015) [PDF]

The history of the Khoshut Khanate (1642-1717) ruling Tibet and the Dzungar invasion (1717) with the result that the Tibetans allied with the Chinese and the Chinese Qing army defeated the Dzungars in 1720. 34 more words

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A Day of Surprises

Sometimes, lovely things happen unexpectedly, and you just want to shout about them, not to show off, although I can see why some may think that, but just because they make you feel happy. 457 more words

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Timo Schmitz: "An Overview of Tibetan History, Part 3 - New dynasties, new conflicts. Tibet between 1346 and 1642" (2015) [PDF]

In 1346, Changchub Gyaltsen started a revolt against the Mongolians, leading to the establishment of the Phagmodrupa dynasty (1346/54-1642) in Central Tibet. In West Tibet several kingdoms existed, as well as in Kham. 55 more words

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Timo Schmitz: "An Overview of Tibetan History, Part 2 - the Mongolian Conquest and the Sakya Dynasty" (2015) [PDF]

This article deals with the Mongol conquest of Tibet at around 1240, and the incorporation into the Chinese Yuan Dynasty in 1271. This section of Tibetan history is also called “Sakya Dynasty”, since the Sakya Lamas received a special autonomy. 13 more words

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Timo Schmitz: "Russia, the country of great thinkers and modernization" (2015) [PDF]

Russia is famous for its great philosophers, writers and composers and an example for modernization and progress.

Share this article if you love Russia.

DOWNLOAD: 8 more words

Online Articles

Timo Schmitz: "Definition of fascism and examples of fascist cruelty" (2015) [PDF]

This is part 9 of my philosophical series “Individualism between Moral and Virtues, Government and Religion”.

The word fascism was defined by different people in the past, however different groups prefer different interpretations of the word. 55 more words

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