Humphry Davy delved into the developing field of electrochemistry to become its most popular, colorful, and inventive proponent in the public eye. He proposed that chemical reactions generate currents, and discovered several elements reversing the process to separate elements with the aid of a current, a process dubbed electrolysis.
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Avogadro synthesized both Dalton’s and Gay-Lussac’s works to propose the hypothesis that equal volumes of gases contain an equal number of molecules within the same conditions. 28 more words
For the first time, an international assembly met for the purposes of agreeing upon conventions for the practice of chemistry. Practitioners of the science both academic and industrial were invited and attended. 23 more words
Upon discovering two new elements, which they dubbed polonium and radium, the Curies introduced a brand new field to physics: radioactivity. The resulting experiments revealed the lucrative possibilities radiation offered to studying subatomic physics and suggested a revision of the fundamental principles of mechanics would likely soon take place.